Cordoba architecture

One of the main attractions of this Andalusian city, considered World Heritage by UNESCO, is the amount of valuable architectural elements that exist in its beautiful streets and alleyways.

Looking towards tourists, Cordoba offers a perfect fusion between the characteristic cultural elements that settled there throughout history and those natural to our present age.

Buildings that you should visit

From ancient times there are lots of buildings that can still be visited in Cordoba. The old town is a beautiful network of side streets, plazas and patois arranged in the surroundings of the Mezquita Cathedral, one of the principal symbols of the capital.

Construction started on the Mosque-Cathedral in the Middle Ages (s.VIII) thanks to Abderramán I and on the Arches of Mosque-Cathedralfootprint of the Visigoth Cathedral of St. Vincent, which in turn was built over a Roman temple. At the beginning it had eleven naves, the middle one being the widest, but afterwards it was made bigger. The roof is formed by columns and arches, with spaces such as the Mihrab with golden inscriptions of the Koran.
 
Something curious is that inside the mosque since 1523, is the Catholic Cathedral, a stone monument, with a beautiful dome, altarpiece and choir stalls. Opposite the Mosque, the Roman bridge of Cordoba built by Augustus in middle of via Augusta, and despite its Roman base of 16 arches you can find Arabic remains of porteria reconstructions.

The south side of the bridge towards the fortress is known as La Calahorra. A construction which originally consisted of two towers, joined by an archway that allowed an access into the city of Cordoba. In the XIV century it was modified leaving it in its current state, in which the Institute for the Dialogue of Cultures has installed a historical museum of the city.

Next to the bridge, but to the north, we can see the Archo del Triumfal, or Door of the Bridge built for the visit of Philip II in 1571, built in the form of triumphal arch with Doric columns that hold up a cornice and an attic.

The Alcazar of Cordoba is another of the classic elements of the city. Built in l328, is of gothic style. It was a residential palace of Catholic Kings, in form of a fortress, the palace holds large gardens with fountains and water features close to the Guadalquivir. There at the shores you can see a big wheel, the ALBOLAFIA, which brings the water from the river and takes it to the gardens.

The Medina Azahara is a palatial residence ordered by the Kalifa Omeya Abd-al-Rahmán III in which valuable materials were used like: ivory, ebony or marble. The remains (columns, capitals, plinths and plasterwork) allow us to see its grandeur even if it was only standing from the year 940 to 1010.

Other constructions

Other architectural elements that you must visit are La Muralla that surrounded the old city to protect its people, denominated as the urban area in the times of Al-Andalus as the city of seven doors.

One of its doors is the one of Almodóvar, in the form of a horseshoe with towers. This one was the one that lead to the Jewish district, a beautiful district of tiny cobbled streets in which you can see popular architecture at first hand.

Other forms of popular architecture are the innumerable palaces and large houses, belonging to old nobles such as the Viana, the house of the Indian, the house of Marquis del Carpio, or the old Potro inn.